What is the most common agricultural land use around Europe?
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A while ago, we looked at the most common type of livestock in Europe. This time, we’ll see which crop is the most commonly grown in Europe. More specifically, we’re going to look at the most common type of agricultural land use.
There are two types of land use that are by far the most common around Europe: Cereals and permanent grassland. Cereals are crops like wheat, barley and rye harvested for their grains. In most of Germany, Poland, Denmark, Hungary, the Baltics, Southern Finland, Southern Sweden and Northern France cereals dominate the agricultural landscape. In most of Ireland, the UK, Netherlands, Austria, Portugal, Slovenia, Luxembourg and Southern France the permanent grasslands are the most common agricultural land use.
There are also a few other types of crops that are the most common type of agricultural land use in a small number of areas. Root crops are the most common crop in Flevoland in the Netherlands. In the Spanish region of Valencia, citrus fruits are the most common. In the Algarve and Madeira in Portugal and Murcia in Spain, fruits, berries and nuts are the most common agricultural land use. In parts of Spain, Italy and Greece, olives are the most common agricultural land use.
Then there is also the so-called ‘Plants harvested green’. These are all arable land crops harvested ‘green’ and intended mainly for animal feed, forage or renewable energy production, namely cereals, grasses, leguminous or industrial crops and other arable land crops harvested and/or used ‘green’. These are more common in Northern Sweden, northern Finland, the south of the Netherlands, the north of Belgium, Malta, Cyprus, Lüneburg in Germany, Brittany in France and Lazio in Italy.
The data for this map comes from Eurostat.